Arthritis is a condition that causes inflammation and pain in the joints. The term arthritis can also be used to describe rheumatic diseases that affect tissues surrounding the joint. The most common of the rheumatic conditions that are experienced by people aged 60 and above are gout, fibromyalgia, rheumatoid and osteoarthritis.
Most types of arthritis are chronic and can last for years. It can attack joints in almost any part of the body. According to some researches done, arthritis is likely to occur among the golden age citizens, i.e. people aged 60 and above.
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis in older people. It begins when a cartilage becomes ragged and wears away. At osteoarthritis’ worst, all of the cartilage wears out and leaves the bones rubbing against each other. Osteoarthritis most likely occurs on the lower back, neck, hands, knees and hips. Symptoms can range from mild pain to stiffness.
Mild pain can occur when you lift heavy objects, while walking, bending or even while you are resting. Stiffness occurs if you have not moved a joint for a while like after driving a car or seating in the same position for hours. In time, osteoarthritis can cause disability if your hips, knee, hands and lower back are affected. Growing old can be described as the main reason that causes osteoarthritis although in some cases, it may run in the family.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that is autoimmune. Rheumatoid arthritis means that your body attacks the lining of a joint. It causes inflammation in your joints which may lead to pain, stiffness and swelling. It can happen in different joints at the same time such that you may not be able to move. People with rheumatoid arthritis are often unwell and feel tired. It can happen to any joint in the body including fingers, ankles, wrists, elbows, hips, neck and feet. If you have it on one side of your body, most likely, the other side of your body will also have. In some cases, it can affect the heart, nervous system, blood vessels, eyes and muscles.
Gout is one of the most painful types of arthritis. An attack can happen when crystals of uric acid form in joint spaces or connective tissues. It leads to pain, stiffness, redness, swelling and heat around the joint. Attacks happen mostly after eating peas, liver, dried fish, gravy, shell fish and dried beans. The use of alcohol, certain medication and being overweight can also lead to gout.
Each kind of arthritis is treated differently although taking a proper diet, resting and exercising often can help reduce the risks of having arthritis. There are also medications that can help reduce the pain and the swelling. If you experience severe pain when lifting heavy objects, find gadgets to help you lift items. Your doctor may also suggest surgery.
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